Chloromycetin is a brand name for chloramphenicol, an antibiotic that cures bacterial infections.
How It Works
Chloromycetin has a simple mechanism of action where the drug blocks bacterial cells from synthesizing proteins and forming peptide bonds. This action inevitably results in bacterial cell death. However, bacteria, under constant exposure to this antibiotic, are known to develop drug resistance.
Chloromycetin is known to have a really good blood-brain barrier penetration levels. This antibiotic is far superior to other types when treating bacterial infections in the brain, such as those causing staphylococcal brain abscesses.
This antibiotic was first synthesized from a natural source to treat typhoid infections. Since then its usage has grown. Chloromycetin is prescribed to treat all three bacterial strains that cause meningitis. Chloromycetin is often used if the patient has severe allergies to penicillin or cephalosporin antibiotics. It’s important to note that Chloromycetin is only prescribed when other antibiotics don’t work.
Chloromycetin may be prescribed to treat petechial rash, septicaemia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, cholera and the plague. Chloromycetin is metabolized in the liver, so dosage is carefully administered.
Chloromycetin is available as capsules, powder formula and an suspension.
Chloromycetin dosage will vary depending on the type of infection, age, body weight and severity of the condition. Your doctor will prescribe the correct dosage for your condition.
It’s important to take Chloromycetin exactly as prescribed. Do not take Chloromycetin is higher or lower doses, and do not stop the treatment early or continue use past the stop date.
Take Chloromycetin pills or capsules on an empty stomach. Swallow the pills with a full glass of water an hour or two before or after you eat a meal.
When taking the oral suspension or liquid form of this medicine, use a special medication measuring spoon to measure each dose. Do not use household spoons as it will not give you an accurate dosage reading.
You must follow through the entire treatment plan to fully clear up the infection. Do not stop even if symptoms feel better. Your doctor will specify you a dosage schedule that ensures that the infection does not return.
If you miss a dose of Chloromycetin take is soon as you remember, but not if it’s too close to the next dose. Do not take double doses to make up for a missed dose.
Chloromycetin may cause the following side effects:
Sore throat and fever
Unusual bleeding or bruising
Unusual tiredness or weakness
Side effects should disappear within a few days. If they do not, or keep getting worse, immediately call y our doctor.
Do not take Chloromycetin if you are allergic to any of the ingredients in the drug.
Chloromycetin is metabolized in the liver. Therefore, it may not be a suitable antibiotic for people with a history of liver problems or liver disease.
Do not skip doses of Chloromycetin. Doing so could lead to bacterial resistance. Take Chloromycetin the same time each day so you don’t forget your dose.