Neurontin is a brand name of an anti-epileptic drug known as Gabapentin which is also the active ingredient in this medication.
How It Works
The exact mechanism of action of this drug is not known. Although numerous mechanisms have been debated, it is commonly accepted that Gabapentin although related to the neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid, better known as GABA, does not create an effect in degrading or binding with GABA receptors. Gabapentin is known to control two enzymes that help in the process of GABA biosynthesis. Other discoveries point out that Neurontin binds with certain calcium ion channels which weakens pain caused by diabetic neuropathy.
Neurontin is primarily used with a combination of medicines to avert seizures or epileptic fits. It also lessens the nerve pain which results from a condition called shingles (herpes virus) in adults. This medication is also prescribed to treat other nerve pains such as diabetic neuropathy and peripheral neuropathy.
Neurontin comes in the form of capsules, tablets and oral solutions. Follow the exact directions of your doctor when taking Neurontin.
Neurontin maybe taken with or without food.
The starting dose for adults and children above 12 years of age who suffer from epileptic seizures is 300 mg three times per day. The dose can vary between 300 to 600 mg as prescribed by your doctor. The time between doses should be 12 hours or less.
The starting dose for pediatric patients with seizures is 10 to 15 mg/kg a day which should be taken in three divided doses. The dose may be increased after 3 days.
The initial dosage for adult patients with Post herpetic Neuralgia is 300 mg once a day. The dose may be increased up to 600 mg from day 2 and taken twice a day.
If you miss a dose, do not take a double dose to make up for the one you missed. Instead, you can continue with the next dose as usual.
Some of the side effects that can persist after the intake of Neurontin are:
Involuntary rolling of eyes back and forth
Rapid mood changes
In some cases, Neurontin is used to treat bi-polar disorder. Patients with this condition might experience suicidal dispositions when this drug is taken.
To be certain that this drug is safe for you, tell you doctor if you have experienced the following.
Allergies to gabapentin
Unusual mood changes
Addiction to alcohol or drugs
It is unwise to suddenly stop taking Neurontin if you feel fine. It can lead to increased seizures.
It is important to give your doctor a list of other medications you may be taking. Taking Neurontin with certain other drugs can cause unpleasant effects in your body. For instance, if you happen to take Neurontin with a sedative, there is a high chance that the interaction will worsen the sedation.
As the intake of Neurontin can affect your thinking and behaving patterns, be mindful not to engage in work such as driving that requires your utmost attention.